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Prevention of OC/OCD

Prevention of OC/OCD

In OC / OCD in horses, three factors play a role:

  • Nutrition
  • Heredity
  • Movement

OC / OCD in horses is hereditary and in order to get OC / OCD out of breeding, it is selectively bred. According to research conducted by Zangersheide in Belgium, OC / OCD is a genetic disorder that carries out autosomal recessively. This means that horses that are physically healthy (and thus do not show OC / OCD) may be carrier.

See the table below for a clear overview of heredity at the crossing of different parents. If the horse is sick, he exhibits the disease, but if he is a carrier only, he does not show an OC / OCD, he is wearing the gene.

Overview of heredity

Parents Chance Foal
Sick x sick 100% Sick
sick x healthy  100% Carrier
Sick x Carrier

50%

50%

Sick
Carrier
Carrier x Carrier 25%
50%
25%
Sick
Carrier
Healthy
Carrier x healthy 50%
50%
Healthy
Carrier

A mare and stallion with both OC / OCD also get a foal that shows OC / OCD disease. However, if one of the parents is healthy (not a carrier) and the other is sick, they get a foal that is a carrier. He does not show the disease. If one of the parents is sick and the other is carrier then there is 50% chance that the foal becomes ill, but there is also a 50% chance that the foal will become carrier.

Nutrition

Whether the feed can affect OC / OCD is still under discussion. But nutrition seems to have a supporting role in preventing OC / OCD. Especially copper (Cu) is important in the nutrition of the mare and the foal. Copper is an essential building material for the recovery of bone and cartilage. When a foal with a stock of copper is born, the foals have less chance of developing the disease. In the last 3-5 months of pregnancy, it is wise to give copper to the mare. In order to give the foal after birth, even copper-rich food does not reduce the chance of OC / OCD. In addition, overfood in young horses can aggravate the disease. The young horses then get too high energy supply. The growth of the bones then goes too fast.

In addition, if the young horse gets a lot of movement, it takes away some of the energy supply for the growth process.

Perform Hartog Lucerne-mix for support for the development of muscles, bones and joints. Zangersheide also runs the Lucerne mix to the young horses. Read about the feed policy of Zangersheide.

Movement

Movement is very important in the breeding of young horses. Breastbone becomes stronger when the horse gets movement. Movement also improves blood flow and therefore improves nutrition of the cartilage, bone and tendons. And besides, motion is important for reducing energy supply, as discussed above. However, intensive care must be avoided in young horses as this leads to overload, which can cause tendons and cartilage to be affected after which there is no complete recovery.

Read more about the Treatment OC / OCD.

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