Lucerne for horses
Hartog considers it important that your horse gets the right nutrition. The popularity of lucerne for horses is increasing, and roughage is the main source of food for horses. Artificially dried lucerne contains more digestible proteins than hay and silage.
More and more horse owners and / or livestock farmers have taken on luz lucerne ern in their ration. Internationally, sun-dried lucerne, lucerne of alfalfa are often used. At Hartog we only work with Dutch lucerne. Our lucerne is artificially dried and then processed into various types of horse feed or animal feed. The great advantage of artificially sun dried lucerne is the quality. Hartog horse feed products are of high quality, tasty for your horse and hygienically packaged.
Hartog lucerne is available in various forms, our best known horse feed products are:
Good roughage: Important for your horse
Lucerne for horses is a very good roughage feed and also good for the health of your horse. The structure it gives to a ration is very important to the health of the gastrointestinal tract, which promotes digestion. Lucerne is rich in natural vitamins, minerals, trace elements and all essential amino acids that are important for the development of a solid bone and joint system. Lucerne has a higher nutritional value than grass. Lucerne contains more biotin than grass, which makes for a better development of the hoof horn. Also, the high carotene content ensures good resistance, growth and fertility of the horse.
Lucerne: Calcium phosphorus
Lucerne has a lean calcium-phosphorus ratio. The ratio of calcium to phosphorus is 5: 1. The ideal calcium-phosphorus ratio for horses is 2: 1. This may cause a grain product to stand for example. Cereals have a lean calcium-phosphorus ratio, only then the phosphorus content is higher. Due to the high calcium content, it is not optimal to give Lucerne completely as roughage, for example, as a supplement to roughage such as hay, silage, Compact Grass or Gras-mix.
During pregnancy, the Hartog lucerne-mix is very suitable due to the high calcium content. The high content is good for the condition of the mare and for the bone formation of the unborn foal. In addition, lucerne for horses contains folic acid and β-carotene, these vitamins are essential for fertility.
Fertilization with fertilizer causes difficult digestible proteins in dry dirt or hay, which can cause colic and fat in bones. Lucerne contains better digestible proteins due to the binding of nitrogen from the air through the root tubular bacteria. The result are proteins that are completely digestible. Also artificial drying of luzerne is important for the final digestion. The short heating in the drying furnaces causes partial breakdown of the proteins, which makes them better absorbed.
Lucerne pellets hardly contain any structure, the digestion is quick and therefore less effective for the intestines. The same applies to grass pellets, therefore always feed roughage if the intestines are not sufficiently stimulated.
Proteins in lucerne
For horses, a high protein content is not desirable. Pure lucerne contains about 16% of proteins. The Hartof Lucerne-mix uses a mixture of green harvested cutter, which makes our Lucerne mix only 12% protein.
Lucerne / Luzerne / Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a 2-3-year crop that is among the butterfly-flowered plants. Butterfly flowers contain a higher calcium content and higher carotene content (Vitamin A precursor) compared with grass. Lucerne is used for both horse and livestock as well as roughage and in concentrated feed.
The crop consists of solid stems and fine leaves. The fine leaves are often regarded as very fine material in the bag. That's why molasses are often mixed to bind the fine material. The plant blossoms purple, blue or white and is poor to moderate hard. Lucerne carries deep, 1-1.5 meters, and is therefore drought resistant. Lucerne is a crop suitable for deeply dehydrated limestone clay, zavel and solstice. The plant can be about 1 meter high.
As a butterfly flower, lucerne contributes to a better closed cycle of minerals. Nitrogen is bound from the air and thus added to the soil, but if sufficient nitrogen is present in the soil, this binding is limited. In addition, lucerne can extract nutrients from the deeper layers of the soil, as the plant carries deep root.
Fertilization with fertilizer causes difficult digestible proteins in a dry dirt or hay, which can cause colic and fat bones. Lucerne contains better digestible proteins due to the binding of nitrogen from the air through the root tubular bacteria.
Every year there are about 3 to 4 cuts to harvest. Lucerne can not be cultivated on the same plot for many years, which may, for example, be possible. Changing crops is therefore necessary. After two or three years of cultivation, it is better not to grow lucerne on the plot for about 4 years. Good crops are crops, grass and corn + grass because they use the nitrogen that left the lucerne in the ground. In addition, a change offers protection against diseases and pests, because they can not be chemically controlled by lucerne. More information about the cultivation can be found on our page with lucerne cultivation information.
Lucerne contains more digestible proteins than hay and silage, due to the binding of nitrogen from the air through the root tubular bacteria. The result is proteins that are completely digestible. Also artificial drying is important for the final digestion. The short heating during the process in our gas-fired drying furnaces causes partial degradation of the proteins. These proteins are ultimately better absorbed by the animal.