Grass uptake is very important for a horse. Grass contains the necessary nutrients for horses, such as energy, protein, minerals, trace elements and vitamins. The nutrients in the crop can vary, depending on the soil type, use and fertilizer.
Young grasspots have a lot of leaf and little stem. They contain a lot of sugars. If horses do not come in the meadow all winter, the spring grass will be very rich in energy. The older the grass, the more stems. Stems contain many complex carbohydrates (raw fiber = fibers). This is much more difficult for horses than young grass crops, but provides for the need for roughage.
The grass may sometimes not provide enough nutrients. Even when horses breed on a bare pasture, they do not absorb enough nutrients. The ration can then be supplemented with Hartog concentrates or roughage.
How much grass can my horse eat?
When the grass take-up for a horse is unlimited, the animal can absorb about 2 kg of dry matter per 24 hours per 100 kg of body weight. A 500 kg horse can pick up 10 kg of dry matter per day (24 hours). The amount depends on the growth stage of the horse and the quality of the whey. The amount of dry matter in grass is on average between 13 and 16%. The table below shows an overview of the grass take-up for a horse of 500 kg per day (24 hours).
|Quality||Energy||ds (kg)||Grass (kg)|
|Spring grass||Good||Very high||10||65-75|
How do I restrict my horse's grass take-up?
One animal becomes faster than the other animal. Grass shooting can be limited by not putting your horse in the field for too long, or by making multiple plots so that they have only a small part of the grassland at their disposal. A paddock is a good tool, so it does not matter, but the grass is limited. Especially in times when the grass grows hard, it is for horses who quickly get fat to put them temporarily in the paddock. The horses get enough movement, which is very important for a horse, but can not eat too much.